What are some of the definitions to Ownership types?
What constitutes a Public company:
Companies that trade common stock
Companies that issue something other than Common stock (i.e. class A)
Companies that trade preferred stock
Subsidiaries that might issue public debt but not common stock
Very small companies (for example, community banks) are often OTC (Over The Counter).
Private company: A company whose shares are not traded on the open market
Non Profit: Companies that the Internal Revenue Service has declared tax exempt under Section 501(c) of the U.S. Tax Code
State Owned: Companies that are owned by the Government (100% owned)
Parent: A company that controls subsidiaries through its ownership of voting stock as well as run its own business.
Subsidiary: A company for which a majority of the voting stock is owned by a holding company
Branch: A separate but dependent part of a central organization. A branch may or may not report its own revenue; this is decided by parent company
Independent company: A stand-alone entity meaning it is not owned by a company, nor does it own another company
Quoted company: Companies listed on a stock exchange (i.e. London Stock Exchange)
Non Quoted company: Companies that are either private or public (i.e. buy and sell shares in a company but not through a stock exchange)
Reuters defines “parents” as the following:
"Immediate Parent" refers to the company that owns or controls the party through the ownership of 50% or more of the voting stock at the time of issue.
"Ultimate Parent" identifies the current immediate parent of a company. That is, the company that controls or owns the party through the ownership of 50% or more of the voting stock.
If the company only has a current Immediate Parent, the same would be the Ultimate Parent for the issuer.
If "A" is subsidiary of "B", "B" is subsidiary of "C", so on and "D" is subsidiary of "E", then "B" is the Immediate Parent of "A" and "E" is the Ultimate Parent of "A".
Holding Company: A Corporation that owns enough voting stock in another firm to control management and operations by influencing or electing its board of directors
Aside from them being a public or private company, generally a "Company" is a company that controls subsidiaries through its ownership of voting stock, as well as runs its own business.
For UK companies:
• Public or Private Independent company: An independent company means it is neither owned by another company, nor owns any companies itself. Ownership is defined as > 50% of the shares in issue.
• PLC means Public
• PLCs are not always public in the US sense - i.e. the stock is traded on a stock exchange. PLCs are public limited companies but this does not necessarily mean that they are "Quoted" which is the term we use for traded on a stock exchange. Here the public is a legal definition meaning that their stock (shares) are open to the public but generally through private sources, i.e. independent private brokers, personal networks, invitations and tenders etc.
• LTD means Private
• Ltd means limited liability i.e. the directors of the company have limited liability to creditors should the company go bankrupt - Ltds are nearly always private in ownership but there may be some that are public.
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